Students and young adults are confronted with a lot of social and economic problems which impinge on their mental health. It is not humanly possible to discuss all mental health problems which are likely to confront young persons. Some could be very individual and unique. Attempt has been made therefore, to discuss briefly.

Failure To Give Up Home And Family Relationships

Many young men and young women, have never been encouraged to move out and interact with their groups while growing up. They are over protected to the point that they become completely domicile, nor have they ever been made to understand that life outside the home, that is, the outer world could be rough annd trying. Parents who do this are actually convinced they are doing their duty for their children. But they are in reality failing in their duty by not preparing their children for independent and autonomous life outside the home. The consequence is that the young man or woman feels completely lost outside the home, and would constantly run home to seek for rapport and protection he misses so much. This inevitably imposes strees which detracts from mental health. Some however leave home, hating it for some reasons they had when they were at homne.

Some common mental problem of students
Some common mental problem of students

Renouncing Parental and Home Situation

It is not all the young men and women who are over protected at home that really want to be close to home or that never want to abandon the familiar environment. This goes to say that people do not react in the same way to the same situation nor are all persons affected in the same way under the same situation. Clearly, there are other young persons as well as college students who are too eager to renounce their parents and home situations the moment they get their freedom. In this instance, the home again may not have done its duties appropriately by instilling in the youth as he was growing up the freedom that must be marched with responsibilities.

It is absolutely essential that children grow up to understand that to whom so much is given so much is expected in retum. Freedom without responsibility is freedom misplaced. On the other hand, these youths never felt a part of the familiar environment. They are simply there as objects and are realy not a part of it. Again, there might be resentment against an unwhole. Some home climate generated by some adult actions and behaviours which youths constantly questions. The transposition from where a child is seen and not heard, to a wider world where there is no home adult model to guide, restrain or question his actions, creates conflicts that must be resolved one way or the other.

Failure To Give Up Home And Family Relationships

Many young men and young women, have never been encouraged to move out and interact with their groups while growing up. They are over protected to the point that they become completely domicile, nor have they ever been made to understand that life outside the home, that is, the outer world could be rough annd trying. Parents who do this are actually convinced they are doing their duty for their children. But they are in reality failing in their duty by not preparing their children for independent and autonomous life outside the home. The consequence is that the young man or woman feels completely lost outside the home, and would constantly run home to seek for rapport and protection he misses so much. This inevitably imposes strees which detracts from mental health. Some however leave home, hating it for some reasons they had when they were at homne.

Renouncing Parental and Home Situation

It is not all the young men and women who are over protected at home that really want to be close to home or that never want to abandon the familiar environment. This goes to say that people do not react in the same way to the same situation nor are all persons affected in the same way under the same situation. Clearly, there
are other young persons as well as college students who are too eager to renounce their parents and home situations the moment they get their freedom. In this instance, the home again may not have done its duties appropriately by instilling in the youth as he was growing up the freedom that must be marched with responsibilities.

It is absolutely essential that children grow up to understand that to whom so much is given so much is expected in retum. Freedom without responsibility is freedom misplaced. On the other hand, these youths never felt a part of the familiar environment. They are simply there as objects and are realy not a part of it. Again, there might be resentment against an unwhole. Some home climate generated by some adult actions and behaviours which youths constantly questions. The transposition from where a child is seen and not heard, to a wider world where there is no home adult model to guide, restrain or question his actions, creates conflicts that must be resolved one way or the other.

Secondary education. The inability to see a future in what a youth is being trained for or the uncertainty about a career chosen imposes great stress which inevitably impinges on the youth’s mental and emotional health.

Lack of Social Adjustment

Some youths especially college students are unable to adjust to the social environment in which they find themselves. Again the arrow points to the home and the kind of social interaction that existed at home. The feelings of inferiority or superiority which are manifestations of lack of social adjustment may exist with the full knowledge of one who is affected by either of these two factors.

More often than not, the individual concerned may not be aware of any of these. But the behaviours speak eloquently to an observer. A youth from a poor and less affluent background feels inferior to those from the more affluent and rich homes. Conse quently, they cow to submission any time they would have wished to take a bold stand even against all odds. On the other hand, a youth who feels very superior to those in his peer group with whom he interacts will constantly want to dictate the pace for everyone else. else. Both of these could create mental health problems which could also gradually lead to anti-social behaviours if the inferiority or superiority complex is not kept under control.

Lack of Emotional Adjustment

Many young people leaving their homes for the first time are excited for obvious reasons. Every person wants freedom; freedom to do things his own way. But as it is observed, some youths may look quite matured outside, while deep down inside they have not acquired the emotional adjustment that will enable them cope with the uncertainties of the wider world. Such emotional immaturity is often expressed in overstimulation, which leads to doing things with irrational fears and other anxieties.

Desire For marriage

A good number of college students, particularly the women look forward to meeting youngmen with whom they can share their future life. The search for a husband becomes so desperate in third or final year of study that it could be quite a serious problem. College days are most likely to be the period of their lives they are lkely to have the largest number of eligible young men in the same community. Some are more subtle in their search for a future partner while others are much more aggressive. Behaviour intended to attract attention include showing up at every and any social gathering such as parties on the campus, sophisticated dressing, manner of speaking and manner of walking. Or even giving the impression of being reserved, with the hope to be noticed by serious minded male student who is also searching for a prospective future partner.
Have we given the impression that worrying about future marriage partner is only found on the door steps of the female college student? Female students are probably more affected because the incidents of near suicides and actual suicides on account of alleged jilting by boys to which female students are more prone. However, male students have their own share of the problems: problems of choosing one out of the many girls they have dated, each one doing all she can to lay good impression.

cannot fit into a group he desparately wants to belong to; these we a few situations and Circumstances that can lead to loneliness, thus create stress which may be devasting to mental health. Have you ever felt lonely? Can you identify the source of the loneliness and how you were able to solve the problem?

Anxiety Over Employment

Students in post secondary institution have often regarded their higher education programme as a means of obtaining the “meal ticket”, meaning their degree, diplomas or certificate which will enable them secure employment. Up to about twenty years ago, a university degree was a guarantee for a paid job. Graduates were known to pick and choose jobs. Things have gradually changed to the point when graduates have become less selective of jobs, and the competition for the few available jobs has become very acute since the late 1970’s. The problem of the uncertainities for future employment after graduation is now becoming a nightmare to students in the various institutions of higher learning.

Scholastic Difficulties

Scholastic difficulties including the pressures of making good grades are one of the most serious mental health problems of a good number of undergraduate students. Undergraduate students are constantly on the move from classroom, lecture halls, library and dinning hall. Some live through the hassle quite comfortably, but there are those who inspite of their seeming effort do not seem to be getting the desired result. Every grade counts towards the class of degree, so they are constantly on edge.

The effects of a failed course dangles like the axe over them because this implies a resit examination or a carry over of a course, the examination of which is taken at the next available opportunity depending on the regulations of the institution. The fear of having a failing course in the final year is even more tortous.Brilliant students have no worry about this problem, but it is a real problem which detracts from the mental health of several higher institution students and youths.

Problem of Victimization by Teachers

There have been instances when students have been subjected to victimization by their lecturers for various reasons. Some have been excluded from classes for misdemeanour which is well deserved. But cases abound where students have been excluded from class lectures for no apparent reasons at least from the student’s point of view. The numbers involved may be very small, never the less the matter of students victimization by teachers is real among the students and it is a source of worry to those of them who see themselves as victims, The consequences are mainly the tear of delibrately cutting their marks which will ultimately be Tetlected on class of degree. It is a most unpleasant thing tor ones efforts not be adequately rewarded because of matters which are anything but academic.

Financial Constraints

Funding for the student pursuing higher education in the poly- technics, colleges of education and universities has always been a matter for concern every Where, no less so in Nigeria. Even in the days when most students in Nigerian higher institutions were supported by government bursaries and scholarship, students complain education that they were not getting enough. Today, students now face much more difficult conditions. The bursaries and scholarship are not only not coming în, but the students are also required to pay for a number of the services that were free to them previously. They now have to be responsible for one hundred percent the cost for their food. Books are not found in the library and new books when found in the book stores are nearly two hundred percentage their cost about a year ago.

Parents and relations are passing through very hard time and so cannot adequately support their children and relations in institutions of higher learning. The students often have no way to run to. They are constantly thinking of how to cope with studies and finances for books and feeding. Some students are really starving. Inspite of all these problems, the anxieties about future employment adds to the mental health problems of some students who must continue to survive the way they know best often through the generousity of some teachers and student friends. Lack of financial security definitely produces stress which impinges on mental health of many higher education students in Nigeria.

Inadequacy of Basic Services and Facilities

Significantly, Nigerian students in the colleges and universities, like the persons in the larger community suffer from the lack of essential facilities and services,to make their study period less ardous. For example, inconsistency of water supply and electricity, lack of adequate library space, poor environmental sanitation In halls of residence, overcrowding in lecture halls, the congested halls of residence, all affect the productivity and effectiveness of the students. Since every students wants to do well in his Studies; any situation which militates against the realization of this objective will naturally undermine their mental health.

The above problems do not in any way exhaust all the problems which the college and university students encounter which ultimately affect their mental health. The intensity of these problems and any others not identified is not known. Only a research of these problems in the Nigerian colleges and universities can unravel their magnitude. Nevertheless, it is evident that these problems do exist and affect the mental health of many young adults found in the polytechnics, colleges of education and universities.

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